The voluntary act of using drugs is the first step on the path to addiction. However, over time, one’s capacity to decide against doing so is compromised. It becomes compulsive to look for and use the substance. The effects of chronic drug use on brain function are primarily to blame for this. The brain regions involved in motivation, learning, and behaviour regulation are all impacted by addiction.
The disease of addiction has an impact on both behaviour and the brain.
Can drug addiction be treated?
Yes, but it’s not that easy. People cannot simply stop using drugs for a few days and be cured because addiction is a chronic disease. To completely stop using and rebuild their lives, the majority of patients require long-term or ongoing care.
There are numerous approaches to treating drug addiction that have been effective, including:
Evaluation and treatment for co-occurring mental health issues like depression and anxiety long-term follow-up to prevent relapse
Success may depend on a variety of care options, a personalised treatment plan, and available follow-up options. As necessary, treatment should incorporate both medical and mental health services. Family- or community-based rehabilitation support networks may be a part of the aftercare provided.
How are drugs and equipment utilised in the treatment of drug addiction?
To treat co-occurring conditions, prevent relapse, and manage withdrawal symptoms, medications and devices are available.
Withdrawal. During the arizona detox center process , medications and devices can help control withdrawal symptoms. Detoxification is only the first stage of the process; it is not a “treatment” in and of itself. Patients who do not receive any additional treatment after detoxification typically start using drugs again. Nearly 80% of detoxifications at treatment facilities used medication, according to one study. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new indication for NSS-2 Bridge, an electronic stimulation device, in November 2017 for use in easing opioid withdrawal symptoms. This apparatus is positioned behind the ear and sends electrical pulses to activate particular brain nerves. Lofexidine, a non-opioid drug intended to lessen opioid withdrawal symptoms, was also given FDA approval in May 2018.
preventing relapse. Patients can use medications to help restore normal brain function and lessen cravings. Addiction to opioids (including heroin and prescription painkillers), tobacco (including nicotine), and alcohol can all be treated with medications. To treat stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) addiction, researchers are creating new drugs.